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How to start your own business in BC

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Most people assume when taking the plunge into self-employment by starting their own small business that there are going to be a million forms to sign and government entities that need to be registered with before you are cleared by the CRA to begin working.

But that is not the case at all.

The following breakdown will hopefully clarify just how simple it is (from a tax perspective, because honestly becoming successfully self-employed is no easy feat!!!) to get your new business tax ready in BC.

Trading under your personal name

The quickest way to get your business up and running is to trade under your own name (eg. Teya Mali trading as Teya Mali).

From the CRA’s perspective when you trade under your own name you can begin trading immediately and no business registration is necessary.

All the CRA cares about in this instance is that you are honest at tax time and declare all of your income and expenses correctly.

Trading Under A Business Name

Trading under a name other than your own isn’t quite as simple and does require some paperwork. However, it is still not as overwhelming as you may think.

You can have your business up and running in four easy steps.

  1. Firstly you need to register your business name. This can be done for a cost of $30 through the BC Registry One Stop BC service.
  2. Determine your business structure. Do you want to be a sole proprietor, partnership, or incorporation? (If you are a solo entrepreneur working from home, I would highly recommend that you start off as a sole proprietor to keep things simple. You can always incorporate later. There are MANY rules (that are governed by penalties) that you need to comply with once you become incorporated. So again, I recommend that you hold off until your business has expanded).You can register your sole proprietorship for $40 through the BC Registry One Stop BC service
  3. Determine if you need to charge sales tax. If you are selling retail products, you will need to register for PST. Homeroom can do this on your behalf or you can register yourself on the BC Government site.  If you earn over $30,000 within a 12 month period (So not just the calendar year) you must register for GST. Until you have incurred SALES of $30000  you ARE NOT REQUIRED TO REGISTER FOR GST but can register by choice.
  4. Apply for a business licence. The application fee is $50 with an annual fee that varies depending on your location.

Although getting your business set up correctly with the CRA is a relatively simple process you must remember that your paperwork doesn’t necessarily end there and that you still need to consider your insurance needs, budgets, inventory tracking, invoicing and of course bookkeeping.

We recommend checking out Small Business BC Website which is a great online resource with a lot of helpful information on how to start a small business.

Additionally, we recommend that you begin keeping all of your business related receipts from the moment you decide to venture out on your own. Even if you haven’t started making sales, you can still write-off business expenses as you develop your idea. That said, you should note that you can only write of an expense in the year that it occurred, so make sure you talk to your bookkeeper in advance and plan the best time to make larger purchases.

What you need to know about PST

PST calculator

On April 1st, 2013 BC eliminated HST and returned to PST, a retail sales tax that applies when a taxable good or service is acquired for personal or business use unless a specific exemption applies. GST will be 5% and PST tax rates will be:

  • General rate: 7% of the purchase or lease price.
  • Liquor: 10% of the purchase price.
  • Accommodation: 8% of the purchase price.
  • Vehicles: 7% – 12% of the purchase or lease price (including the surtax for passenger vehicles valued at $55,000 or more), or 7% – 12% of the fair market value if received as a gift.

 

What’s taxable and what’s not?

  • Retail sales tax on a taxable good or service acquired for personal or business use
  • Purchase or lease of new or used goods
  • Taxable goods brought, sent or delivered into BC for use here
  • Software, services related to most taxable goods
  • Accommodation, legal services, telecommunication services
  • The lease of tangible personal property (goods) in BC for personal or business use, unless a specific exemption applies.

All former exemptions will be re-implemented, including but not limited to:

  • All food for human consumption (e.g., basic groceries and prepared foods such as restaurant meals)
  • Bicycles
  • Dry cleaning and tailoring
  • Newspapers and magazines
  • Exemptions for business (e.g., purchase of goods for resale, eligible machinery and equipment).

PST does not apply to most services, so transportation services, personal services such as haircuts or massages and most professional services such as accounting or engineering services should not be cha.

Download a detailed list here: What’s taxable?

Reporting and Remitting

Any PST that you charge must be paid and reported to the government regardless of if you have collected it from your customer. You must remit all PST charged within a reporting period no later than the last day of the month following the reporting period. For example, if you are reporting for a period ending June 30, you must file your return and remit the PST charged in that period no later than July 31.

Your reporting frequency will be determined at the time of registration based on how much PST you are estimated to collect per reporting period on sales and leases in BC. Reporting periods may be monthly, quarterly, semi-annual or annual.

Tax Collected per Year

Filing Frequency Options

More than $12,000

Monthly only

$6,000 – $12,000

Monthly or Quarterly

$3,000 – $6,000

Quarterly or Semi-Annual

Less than $3,000

Quarterly, Semi-Annual or Annual

If the amount of PST you regularly collect changes, you will be notified by letter by the government and your reporting frequency may be adjusted.

How do I pay?

·   Online: You are able to file your PST return (including Nil returns), make payments, manage your accounts and more online.  eTaxBC, is intended to streamline business processes around reporting and remitting PST.

·   Internet Banking: Check with your financial institution to see if you can file your tax returns and make payments online through their website.

·   Mail: Send the remittance coupon, your payment and any required documentation to: The Director, Provincial Sales Tax, PO Box 9443 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria BC V8W 9W7

Commissions

Collectors who are registered as required are entitled to a commission for each reporting period in which they remit PST as required and on time. Collectors with more than one PST account may only claim commission on one of those accounts.

Tax Collectable

Commission

$22.00 or less

The tax collectable

$22.01 – $333.33

$22.00

More than $333.33

6.6% of tax collectable, to a maximum of $198.00

 

Retaining Books and Records

You must keep sufficient books and records to provide details of all the following:

  • all sales and leases (taxable and non-taxable)
  • all tax collected, remitted and commission taken
  • all purchases and leases for inventory and for your own use
  • all applicable supporting documentation to show why tax was not collected on taxable goods and services.

You must keep books, records and any documentation relating to your business for five years.

Need more information?

Toll free in Canada: 1.877.388.4440

Email: CTBTaxQuestions@gov.bc.ca

http://pstinbc.ca/